Mao made Dazhai 大寨 a National Model for Agriculture in 1964. Dazhai in Shanxi Province was a commune celebrated as having turned unproductive areas into productive land through hard work and self-reliance. By the 1970's all rural areas were exhorted to follow Dazhai's example, with the slogan 农业学大寨 In agriculture, learn from Dazhai. In the 1980's it was revealed that rather than pure manpower, the extensive earthworks and terracing at Dazhai was acheived with the help of the PLA and heavy machinery.
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